Because of its strong odor, garlic is sometimes called the "stinking rose". This article reviews whether mayo is safe when…, Apples are highly nutritious, but you may wonder whether they can really keep the doctor away. The Yoruba are an ethnic group of 40-million people in both Nigeria and Benin, comprising Yorubaland. The process of cooking garlic removes allicin, thus mellowing its spiciness. ; A kind of jig or farce. “Let food be thy medicine, and medicine be thy food.”.  The resultant compounds are responsible for the sharp or hot taste and strong smell of garlic. Washing the skin with soap is only a partial and imperfect solution to the smell. Garlic may be applied to different kinds of bread, usually in a medium of butter or oil, to create a variety of classic dishes, such as garlic bread, garlic toast, bruschetta, crostini, and canapé. , In his Natural History, Pliny gives a list of scenarios in which garlic was considered beneficial (N.H. xx. In East and Southeast Asia, chili oil with garlic is a popular dipping sauce, especially for meat and seafood. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.  The root cluster attached to the basal plate of the bulb is the only part not typically considered palatable in any form. With the exception of the single clove types, garlic bulbs are normally divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves.  Well-preserved garlic was found in the tomb of Tutankhamun (c. 1325 BC). Onion is alubsa, peppers are ata, potatoes are anamo. Garlic was rare in traditional English cuisine (though it is said to have been grown in England before 1548) but has been a common ingredient in Mediterranean Europe. Here are 11 health benefits of garlic that are supported by human research. Garlic does well in loose, dry, well-drained soils in sunny locations, and is hardy throughout USDA climate zones 4–9.  China produces some 80% of the world's supply of garlic. Human studies have found garlic supplements to have a significant impact on reducing blood pressure in people with high blood pressure (9, 10, 11). In Korea, heads of garlic are heated over the course of several weeks; the resulting product, called black garlic, is sweet and syrupy, and is exported to the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. English – Balsam Pear. This plant reduces blood pressure and lowers the spasm of blood vessels. Garlic is easy to grow and can be grown year-round in mild climates. Also used in traditional medicine. There are at least 120 cultivars originating from Central Asia, making it the main center of garlic biodiversity.. This article examines the evidence for and against eating soy. There are different types of effirin in Yoruba language. In the 17th century, Thomas Sydenham valued it as an application in confluent smallpox, and William Cullen's Materia Medica of 1789 found some dropsies cured by it alone.. Garlic cloves are used for consumption (raw or cooked) or for medicinal purposes. Kanafuru - Nigerian Spice Yes, cloves grow in Nigeria where they are locally referred to as kanafuru. The papery, protective layers of "skin" over various parts of the plant are generally discarded during preparation for most culinary uses, though in Korea immature whole heads are sometimes prepared with the tender skins intact. When eaten in quantity, garlic may be strongly evident in the diner's sweat and garlic breath the following day.  An environmentally benign garlic-derived polysulfide product is approved for use in the European Union (under Annex 1 of 91/414) and the UK as a nematicide and insecticide, including for use for control of cabbage root fly and red mite in poultry.  It was consumed by ancient Greek and Roman soldiers, sailors, and rural classes (Virgil, Eclogues ii. , Garlic plants are usually hardy and not affected by many pests or diseases. Garlic can lower total and LDL cholesterol.  Plain water, mushrooms, and basil may also reduce the odor; the mix of fat and water found in milk, however, was the most effective.. "Identification, pathogenicity and distribution of Penicillium spp. The average length of cold symptoms was also reduced by 70%, from 5 days in the placebo group to just 1.5 days in the garlic group. The combined effects on reducing cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as the antioxidant properties, may reduce the risk of common brain diseases like Alzheimer’s disease and dementia (21, 22). You can use it in savory dishes, soups, sauces, dressings and more. In one study, 600–1,500 mg of aged garlic extract was just as effective as the drug Atenolol at reducing blood pressure over a 24-week period (12). Each segment of a garlic bulb is called a clove. Some of the compounds are unstable and continue to react over time. en Manioc leaves, palm oil, onions, lots of garlic, chunks of peanut butter, and patience to let it cook thoroughly. If used as a substitute for fresh garlic, 1/8 teaspoon of garlic powder is approximate to one clove of garlic. Immature scapes are tender and edible.  Other reviews concluded a similar absence of high-quality evidence for garlic having a significant effect on the common cold. It is carried to the lungs and the skin, where it is excreted. LIME CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA. Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Health / Urgent Yoruba Name For Bonni And Cloves (18753 Views) Soak Ginger,turmeric,garlic And Cloves To Get These Health Benefits / Amazing Health Benefits Of Cloves (1) Cashews are a kidney-shaped seed sourced from the cashew tree. isolated from garlic in two regions in Argentina", J.G. Penicillium hirsutum and Penicillium allii are two of the predominant species identified in blue mold.  Garlic may interact with warfarin, saquinavir, antihypertensives, calcium channel blockers, the quinolone family of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, and hypoglycemic drugs, as well as other medications. Hausa – Lemu. Here are 8 tasty fish…, Pu-erh tea offers a number of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help improve overall health and well-being. Yoruba herbs and foods for weight loss. Cloves are called kanafuru in yoruba language. The sulfur compound allicin, produced by crushing or chewing fresh garlic, produces other sulfur compounds: ajoene, allyl polysulfides, and vinyldithiins. The goal is to have the bulbs produce only roots and no shoots above the ground. , In the foundation myth of the ancient Korean kingdom of Gojoseon, eating nothing but 20 cloves of garlic and a bundle of Korean mugwort for 100 days let a bear be transformed into a woman.. They are a traditional spice but are more commonly used in traditional medicine such as agbo or aseje, this is more common in Yoruba speaking areas. Ginger (ata'le, ata ile) Tumeric (is known as ata'le pupa) A four-week study in employees of a car battery plant (excessive exposure to lead) found that garlic reduced lead levels in the blood by 19%.  A 2013 meta-analysis of epidemiological studies found garlic intake to be associated with decreased risk of prostate cancer. The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) conducts a certification program to assure freedom from nematode and white rot disease caused by Stromatinia cepivora, two pathogens that can both destroy a crop as well as remain in the soil indefinitely, once introduced. It is particularly prized for stuffing poultry and game, and in soups and stews. , A 2016 meta-analysis found no effect of garlic on colorectal cancer. Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. Some garlics have protected status in Europe, including: There are two subspecies of A. sativum, ten major groups of varieties, and hundreds of varieties or cultivars.  Aged garlic lacks allicin, but may have some activity due to the presence of S-allylcysteine. Garlic plants prefer to grow in a soil with a high organic material content, but are capable of growing in a wide range of soil conditions and pH levels. Effirin in Yoruba ocimum gratissimum or clove basil. Garlic was one of the earliest “performance enhancing” substances. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Allyl methyl sulfide (AMS) cannot be digested and is passed into the blood. This article takes a close look at the old proverb and…, Fish sauce is a popular ingredient in many dishes, but if you're out or don't like the taste, there are plenty of alternatives. This is the translation of the word "garlic" to over 100 other languages. Food for health says: October 20, 2018 at 10:55 am Make Waffle using grated Yuca instead of flour in Belgum waffle maker is very yummy . While not exclusively served with meats, toum is commonly paired with chicken or other meat dishes such as shawarma. However, allicin is an unstable compound that is only briefly present in fresh garlic after it’s been cut or crushed (3).  Because of this, people throughout history have used garlic to keep away pests such as mosquitoes and slugs. The sulfur compounds from garlic enter the body from the digestive tract and travel all over the body, where it exerts its potent biological effects. Oct 13, 2017 - What are Yorùbá foods and drink like? Efic – Eban Mbakara. Stored garlic can be affected by Penicillium decay known as ”blue mold” (or ”green mold” in some locales), especially in high humidity. Inedible or rarely eaten parts of the garlic plant include the "skin" covering each clove and root cluster. Peppermint leaves are close to the normal effirin but very different. Bini – Orumwu. Supplement doses must be fairly high to have the desired effects. The two-pyrrole molecule looks red, the three-pyrrole molecule looks blue, and the four-pyrrole molecule looks green (like chlorophyll, a tetrapyrrole). Avicenna, in The Canon of Medicine (1025), recommends garlic for the treatment of a wide variety of ailments including arthritis, snake and insect bites, parasites, chronic cough, and as antibiotic for infectious diseases.  While sexual propagation of garlic is possible, nearly all of the garlic in cultivation is propagated asexually, by planting individual cloves in the ground. The bulb is odoriferous and contains outer layers of thin sheathing leaves surrounding an inner sheath that encloses the clove. This article reviews whether…, You may have heard a lot about cleanses or detoxes for psoriasis, but you may wonder whether these methods are effective or safe. They have a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and sweetens considerably with cooking. The key point, in respect to the evolution of Yoruba medicine, is that Egyptian knowledge, coupled with the earlier Nok people, produced the outcome of Yoruba herbal practices. Valdez et. The well-known phenomenon of "garlic breath" is allegedly alleviated by eating fresh parsley. , A 2016 meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies found a moderate inverse association between garlic intake and some cancers of the upper digestive tract. Despite the lack of strong evidence, adding garlic to your diet may be worth trying if you often get colds. The leaves are cut, cleaned, and then stir-fried with eggs, meat, or vegetables. See more ideas about food and drink, food, ethnic recipes. Senses [Bot] A plant of the genus Allium A. sativum is the cultivated variety), having a bulbous root, a very strong smell, and an acrid, pungent taste.Each root is composed of several lesser bulbs, called cloves of garlic, inclosed in a common membranous coat, and easily separable. AVOCADO PEAR PERSEA AMERICANA.  It was known to ancient Egyptians and has been used as both a food flavoring and a traditional medicine. The plant may produce pink to purple flowers from July to September in the Northern Hemisphere. Green garlic is often chopped and stir-fried or cooked in soup or hot pot in Southeast Asian (i.e. Large cloves, along with proper spacing in the planting bed, will also increase bulb size. Garlic is a fundamental component in many or most dishes of various regions, including eastern Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, northern Africa, southern Europe, and parts of Latin America. C are inhibited entirely, in refrigerated cloves one may only see the white mycellium during early stages. It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. , A 2013 meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies found limited evidence for an association between higher garlic consumption and reduced risk of prostate cancer, but the studies were suspected as having publication bias.  The larvae of the leek moth attack garlic by mining into the leaves or bulbs.  The use of garlic in China and Egypt also dates back thousands of years. Yoruba Fruits & Vegetables. Garlic is very easy (and delicious) to include in your current diet. The ancestors of these people were the main victims of the transatlantic slave trade. But given the beneficial effects on important risk factors like blood pressure, it makes sense that garlic could help you live longer.  Although many humans enjoy the taste of garlic, these compounds are believed to have evolved as a defensive mechanism, deterring animals such as birds, insects, and worms from eating the plant. When selecting garlic for planting, it is important to pick large bulbs from which to separate cloves. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc.  Possible side effects include gastrointestinal discomfort, sweating, dizziness, allergic reactions, bleeding, and menstrual irregularities. Genetically and morphologically, garlic is most similar to the wild species Allium longicuspis, which grows in central and southwestern Asia. Additionally, the immature flower stalks (scapes) of the hardneck and elephant types are sometimes marketed for uses similar to asparagus in stir-fries.. The phytochemicals responsible for the sharp flavor of garlic are produced when the plant's cells are damaged.  These rings can be linked together into polypyrrole molecules. Its use was well documented by many major civilizations, including the Egyptians, Babylonians, Greeks, Romans and Chinese (2). Nutrition, Benefits, and Downsides, Decent amounts of calcium, copper, potassium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B1. al, 2009, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, "Garlic production in 2018: Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity (from pick lists)", "2018 Will be the Most Difficult Year for Garlic Export: Chinese Garlic at Risk", "Agriculture and Rural Development > Agriculture and food > DOOR", "Diversity in fertility potential and organo-sulphur compounds among garlics from Central Asia", https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/october_is_garlic_planting_time, "A Garlic Festival Without a Single Clove", "UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines for Pink Root on Onion and Garlic", "Biosynthesis of the flavour precursors of onion and garlic", "The Pungency of Garlic: Activation of TRPA1 and TRPV1 in Response to Allicin", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Separation of Blue Pigments in Crushed Garlic Cloves: The Color-Forming Potential of Individual Amino Acids", "Identification of Candidate Amino Acids Involved in the Formation of Blue Pigments in Crushed Garlic Cloves (, "Garlic: A Review of Potential Therapeutic Effects", "Allicin and related compounds: Biosynthesis, synthesis and pharmacological activity", "Glossary of Foods and Food Terms in Korea", "Garlic: Safe Methods to Store, Preserve, and Enjoy", "Safe Homemade Flavored and Infused Oils", https://extension.umaine.edu/publications/1206e/, http://www.ukrup.com.ua/en/penitsyloz-garlic-blue-mould-in-garlic/, https://doi.org/10.1016/0925-5214(95)00025-9, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01960.x, "Effect of garlic on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis", "A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of garlic preparations on blood pressure in individuals with hypertension", "Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients", "Diet and cancer risk in the Korean population: a meta-analysis", Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, "Garlic consumption and colorectal cancer risk in man: a systematic review and meta-analysis", "Allium Vegetables and Risk of Prostate Cancer: Evidence from 132,192 Subjects", "Prevention and treatment of the common cold: making sense of the evidence", "Garlic: from nature's ancient food to nematicide", "Drinking a glass of milk can stop garlic breath", What you should know about household hazards to pets, "Hadith – Book of Call to Prayers (Adhaan) – Sahih al-Bukhari – Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Hadith – The Book of Mosques and Places of Prayer – Sahih Muslim – Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Nutrition facts for raw garlic, USDA National Nutrient Database, version SR-21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Garlic&oldid=991339116, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with Norman-language sources (nrf), Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ajo Morado de Las Pedroñeras, a rose/pink garlic, May include official, semi-official or estimated data, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 15:17. Garlic and honey have been used in traditional medicines around the world.  Garlic leaves are a popular vegetable in many parts of Asia. They are known for their strong pungent flavour and believed to have medicinal properties. Yoruba – Efirin. Garlic plants can be grown closely together, leaving enough space for the bulbs to mature, and are easily grown in containers of sufficient depth. Per 100 gram serving, garlic is also a moderate source (10–19% DV) of certain B vitamins, including thiamin and pantothenic acid, as well as the dietary minerals calcium, iron, and zinc (table). Under these conditions (i.e., acidity, heat) the sulfur-containing compound alliin reacts with common amino acids to make pyrroles, clusters of carbon-nitrogen rings.  A 2014 meta-analysis found garlic supplements or allium vegetables to have no effect on colorectal cancers. It is useful for heart and blood vessels. Sold in bulbs/cloves or dried and powdered. This article tells…. Modern science has recently confirmed many of these beneficial health effects. Scapes generally have a milder taste than the cloves. Igbo – Nchanwu. We all know that garlic is really good for our health and our immune system. Peeled cloves may be stored in wine or vinegar in the refrigerator. In eastern Europe, the shoots are pickled and eaten as an appetizer. The Yoruba for garlic is galiki. The scapes can be eaten raw or cooked. Garlic is a plant in the Allium (onion) family. Blended with other ingredients to make soups and stews and marinades. Some people suffer from allergies to garlic and other species of Allium. When used as a medicinal product, garlic may produce both desired and unwanted effects on the body. The potential effects of garlic on longevity are basically impossible to prove in humans. The green, dry "folds" in the center of the garlic clove are especially pungent. 23). Including garlic in … The distinctive aroma is mainly due to organosulfur compounds including allicin present in fresh garlic cloves and ajoene which forms when they are crushed or chopped. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. Garlic is ajo, lettuce is letusi, olives are olifu.  It also reduced many clinical signs of toxicity, including headaches and blood pressure (25). It is often paired with onion, tomato, or ginger. Feta cheese is a staple in Greek cuisine and the Mediterranean diet, but you may wonder what type of milk it's made of. In some cuisines, the young bulbs are pickled for three to six weeks in a mixture of sugar, salt, and spices.  It produces hermaphrodite flowers. Basil is called efinrin or efinrin ajale. In Yoruba language, almond is known as imumu ofio omu, ofio omu, or simply omu.. 2. Like chlorophyll, the pyrrole pigments are safe to eat. Emulsifying garlic with olive oil produces aioli. High triglyceride levels are another known risk factor for heart disease, but garlic seems to have no significant effects on triglyceride levels (13, 15). There are about 10–20 cloves in a single bulb, give or take. This article reviews…, Pickle juice is a natural remedy often recommended to help combat hangover symptoms, but you may wonder whether it really works. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant. Yoruba names for herbs, fertility herbs, Plants & Spices. , Garlic is often kept in oil to produce flavored oil; however, the practice requires measures to be taken to prevent the garlic from spoiling which may include rancidity and growth of Clostridium botulinum. , The word garlic derives from Old English, garlēac, meaning gar (spear) and leek, as a 'spear-shaped leek'. A paraphyletic grouping of the following extant taxonomic groups: A counter, used in various games. Santeria is practiced throughout Latin America and in the United States, but Cuba is its birthplace. Garlic plants are said to repel rabbits and moles. Oxidative damage from free radicals contributes to the aging process.  On the basis of numerous reports of such burns, including burns to children, topical use of raw garlic, as well as insertion of raw garlic into body cavities, is discouraged.  A 2016 meta-analysis indicated there was no effect of garlic consumption on blood levels of lipoprotein(a), a biomarker of atherosclerosis. In North America, Allium vineale (known as "wild garlic" or "crow garlic") and Allium canadense( known as "meadow garlic", "wild garlic", or "wild onion") are common weeds in fields.  Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. Alliums might be toxic to cats or dogs. , A large number of sulfur compounds contribute to the smell and taste of garlic. Laba garlic, prepared by soaking garlic in vinegar, is a type of pickled garlic served with dumplings in northern China to celebrate the Chinese New Year.. Lemons: ọsan wẹw ... Garlic: Àjo ́: … It is closely related to onions, shallots and leeks. Harvest is in late spring or early summer. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion. I don't know what parsley called. jw2019 yo Ewé gbágùúdá, epo pupa , alubọsa, ọpọ aàyú, ọpọlọpọ òroro ẹ̀pà, ati … However, throughout ancient history, the main use of garlic was for its health and medicinal properties (1).
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